Research Project: Semi-Presidentialism and Governability in Transitional Regimes

Project leader
Thomas Sedelius
Project Members
Jenny Åberg
Kjetil Duvold
Tapio Raunio
Project Period
Project Status
This project addresses the role of semi-presidentialism in new democracies and hybrid regimes. Semi-presidentialism includes both a popularly elected president and a prime minister and cabinet accountable to the parliament and has become an extremely popular form of government. Still, the implications of semi-presidentialism in transitional regimes remain profoundly understudied. The overall purpose of this comparative project is to provide new theoretical and empirical knowledge on the implications of semi-presidentialism in transitional regimes. Our aim is to examine to what extent and in what ways the institutional interaction
between the president, prime minister and parliament, matter to governability (in terms of policy-making performance and cabinet stability) in semi-presidential regimes. Based on a set of theoretically derived hypotheses the project combines a quantitative analysis including all (about 50) semi-presidential countries around the world, with a most-similar and pair-wise comparison of four post-communist cases: two EU democracies with premier-presidential systems, Poland and Romania, and two, less than democratic, countries with president-parliamentary systems, Ukraine and Russia.
semipresidentialism, president, premiärminister, policy, transition, Central- och Östeuropa, semi-presidentialism, president, prime-minister, policy, transition, Central and Eastern Europe
Research Profile
Intercultural Studies
Political Science